The predecessor of the warrant officer was the Army Field Clerk and the Field Clerk, QMC, both authorized by Act of Congress in August 1916. Special Regulation 41 dated December 19, 1917 stated: “Army Field Clerks and Field Clerks, Quartermaster Corps, will wear the same uniforms as officers, omitting all insignia of rank and the brown braid on the cuff of the service coat. Cord for service hat to be of silver and black silk intermixed.
As a result of the Appropriations Act of July 9, 1918, the rank and grade of warrant officer was officially established. War Department Bulletin 43 dated July 22, 1918 stated: “..in the Coast Artillery Corps of the Regular Army a service to be known as the Army Mine Planter Service, which shall consist, for each mine planter in the service of the United States, of one master, one first mate, one second mate, one chief engr, one second asst engr and one assistant engineer, who shall be warrant officers appointed by holding their office at the discretion of the Secretary of War.” Although no warrant officer rank insignia was authorized, a sleeve insignia to identify the job specialties was created by War Department Circular 15 on January 17, 1920. The sleeve insignia had a three-bladed propeller or foul anchor above the braid as shown below. This insignia remained in effect until the Mine Planter Service was abolished on June 30, 1947.
|Second Asst Engineer
The Army Field Clerks and the Field Clerks, QMC, were officially designated as warrant officers as a result of Act of Congress, June 4, 1920 and implemented in War Department Bulletin 25 dated June 9, 1920. These warrant officers wore the same uniform as the Army Mine Planter Service warrant officers except they did not wear the sleeve braid. Warrant officers were provided with an insignia of identification on May 12, 1921, which also served as their insignia of grade except warrant officers of the Army Mine Planter Service (Coast Artillery Corps.)
Warrant Officer Insignia
Public Law 230, 77th Congress created two grades of warrant officer on August 21, 1941. On September 4, 1942, Change 1 to AR 600-35 authorized the insignia of grade for warrant officers other than Army Mine Planter Service. The regulation described the insignia for chief warrant officer as a gold bar 3/8 inch (0.95cm) in width and 1 inch (2.54cm) in length with rounded ends, brown enamel on top with a longitudinal center stripe of gold 1/8 inch wide (0.32cm). The insignia for warrant officer junior grade was a gold bar 3/8 inch (0.95cm) wide and 1 inch (2.54cm) long, rounded at the ends with brown enamel on top and a latitudinal center of gold 1/8 (0.32cm) inch wide. War Department Circular 366, November 7, 1942, established a flight officer with the insignia the same, as the warrant officer junior grade except the enamel was blue. The position of Flight Officer was subsequently abolished in 1945.
|Chief Warrant Officer
|Warrant Officer Junior Grade
In Circular 118 dated May 9, 1947, the War Department announced it was seeking legislation to authorize four grades of warrant officers in the Army. The insignia were gold with brown enamel. There were four bars for Chief Warrant Officer, three bars for Senior Warrant Officer, two bars for Warrant Officer First Class, and one bar for Warrant Officer. Samples of the insignia were approved on November 28, 1947 and titles changed to Chief Warrant Officer, Warrant Officer First Class, Warrant Officer Second Class and Warrant Officer Third Class. Legislation establishing the four grades was approved on October 12, 1949; however, the insignia was not implemented.
|Chief Warrant Officer
On August 17, 1954, the Assistant Secretary of Defense advised the Assistant Secretary of the Army that the other military services concurred in new proposed designs. The new designs authorized by AR 670-5 dated September 20, 1956 were as follows:
|Chief Warrant Officer
|Chief Warrant Officer
|Chief Warrant Officer
As a result of a study to improve the warrant officer insignia of grade to make it easier to identify the grade, new insignia was approved by the Chief of Staff Army on June 10, 1970 with an effective date for wear of July 1, 1972. Based on anticipated change in legislation to authorize two additional warrant grades, new insignia for W5 and W6 were also approved by the Chief of Staff in 1970. The insignia was developed but never authorized for wear for W5 and W6. The design of the insignia is as follows:
Master Warrant Officer (W4) insignia was approved by the Chief of Staff on April 8, 1988 to designate certain CWO W4 as master warrants. The appointment to Master Warrant Officer required completion of the Warrant Officer School at Fort Rucker. The first class graduated on December 8, 1988 and class members were authorized to wear the insignia. With passage of the Warrant Officer Management Act on December 5, 1991, the grade of CW5 was established. On March 28, 1991, the Chief of Staff approved continued use of the Master Warrant Officer insignia for Chief Warrant Officer W5.
Master Warrant Officer W4 and Chief Warrant Officer W5
A request was submitted by the Army Training and Leader Development Panel-Warrant Officer (ATLDP-WO) to wear the CW5 insignia approved in 1970, by the former Chief of Staff, Army, and this request was approved by General Peter J. Schoomaker, The Chief of Staff, on 16 December 2003. The ATLDP-WO also requested authorization for Warrant Officers to wear Branch-specific insignia and colors in lieu of the current Warrant Officer insignia and colors. This request was approved by The Chief of Staff on 24 February 2004. The request was submitted and approved as a first step towards the full integration of Warrant Officer recruiting, accession, education and management into the branch-based systems of the larger officer corps. Additionally, the increasingly joint nature of operations with the Department of Defense and the expanded use of the most senior warrant officers in joint operations validated the need to standardize CW5 rank insignia among all the services that employ them. The effective date for wear of the new CW5 insignia and branch-specific insignia and colors was 9 July 2004 to coincide with the 86th anniversary of the Warrant Officer Corps.
|Chief Warrant Officer W5
Source: The U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry
Warrant officers to sport branch insignia
By Sgt. 1st Class Marcia Triggs/Army News Service
WASHINGTON (TRADOC News Service, April 13, 2004) – Beginning this summer, the warrant officer component is taking another step toward better integrating itself into the Army’s officer corps.
As of July 9, all warrant officers will replace the “eagle rising” insignia on their left collar with their appropriate branch insignia. The insignia will have to be purchased; it will not be issued.
Regular commissioned officers have always worn their branch insignia on their left collar, and this uniform change is a step toward the full integration into the branch-based systems of the larger officer corps, personnel officials said.
“Warrant officers traditionally have not been treated as part of the officer corps. We’ve kind of been in this strange gray area between the non commissioned officer and the regularly commissioned branch officer,” said Chief Warrant Officer 5 Albert Eggerton, the warrant officer personnel policy integrator for the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, G-1.
“When Congress and our own leadership look at initiatives for the officer corps, they tend to overlook us because we’re so small,” said Chief Warrant Officer 5 Andrew Barr, who previously worked in G-1 with Eggerton. “We make up less than 2 percent of the Army and less than 14 percent of the officer corps.”
As the technical experts, the role of warrant officers will increase dramatically as technology drives the battlefield, said Barr, who is currently at the U.S. Army Signal Center at Fort Gordon, Ga.
Retiring the “eagle rising” insignia resulted from the Army Training and Leadership Panel – Warrant Officer Study. The study was the third phase in a four-phase Army-wide self-assessment directed by retired Gen. Eric Shinseki, the former chief of staff.
Forty-five initiatives came out of the study, to include changing the chief warrant officer 5 rank to a silver-colored bar with a black line in the center of the bar. The rank is currently worn by senior warrant officers in the Navy and Marine Corps and was first approved in 1973.
The current rank, a silver bar with four open-face squares, was always meant to be a transitional rank, Eggerton said.
“In the future, we see an increasing role in Joint operations, and it would make it easier in the Joint world to identify us correctly by wearing the same insignia our sister services are wearing,” Eggerton said.
The change in uniform is not the first step the warrant officer component has taken in its journey to be more recognized in the officer corps, Eggerton said.
A recommendation has been approved for a pay-table reform for warrant officers. The proposed pay raise is to counter the targeted raises NCOs received in 1999-2001, Eggerton said. It is now less attractive for NCOs to become warrant officers because there is a much smaller pay differential, he said.
Currently the monthly base pay for a staff sergeant with eight years in the military is $2,516. The monthly base pay for a warrant officer 1 with eight years is $2,928.
Other changes Eggerton said are in the process of being reviewed for approval are combining the Warrant Officer Education System with the Officer Education System, and getting warrant officers commissioned at warrant officer 1 rank instead of warrant officer 2.
When Congress approves initiatives that will affect lieutenants, warrant officers 1 aren’t affected, Eggerton added. With the change, such laws would automatically include warrant officers, he added.
However, Eggerton added, the change is tentative on congressional approval and if the Navy or Marine Corps have any objections.
Most of the changes that will be implemented from the ATLDP study will take a lot of time to implement, Eggerton said. The process of change, he said, will be ongoing throughout the next decade.
The former Warrant Officer insignia, known as the “Eagle Rising”, was also commonly referred to as the “squashed bug” , but don’t say that to a Warrant Officer! Any self respecting trooper might hand you your teeth!